Illona Weiss Synagogue
    Conference room
    Jewish Cultural Center "Arie Livne"
Tuesday, 11 April 2017 14:51


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Members of the Jewish Community Banja Luka, representatives of the Jewish Cultural Center (JKC) "Arie Livne", in the presence of guests from the cultural, public life of the city, celebrated one of the major Jewish holidays – Passover (Pesach). Before the gala dinner, in the Ilona Weiss Synagogue was held occasional prayer. In the course of the evening was shown the documentary film about the liberation of Jews from slavery in ancient Egypt and customs related to this holiday.
President of the Jewish Community Banja Luka Arie Livne congratulated holiday to members of community and welcomed guests.
"I wish you celebrated this great feast in peace and happiness, surrounded by the love of your closest friends. Passover is one of the oldest and most joyful holidays. I have to remind you that more than three millennia the Jewish people celebrate a miraculous release from slavery in ancient Egypt. Therefore, this holiday is a symbol of liberation, personal and national freedom, the right to a dignified life."

Tradition and customs related to Passover (Pesach)
The Jewish feast of Passover is celebrated to commemorate the liberation of the Jews from slavery in ancient Egypt. In Hebrew is also called "Chag Hamatzot" (Heb. The Hag Holiday) or clammy breads holiday. In fact, during the holiday is expressly forbidden a food yeast, and even possession of anything leavened. It is also called "Z'man Herutenu" (Feast of Our Freedom) and "Hag Ha aviv" (Feast of Spring) because it is always in spring (Heb. aviv – spring).
It is one of three pilgrimage holidays and then all the Jews, who are able to, make a pilgrimage to Jerusalem. During the existence of the Temple every adult man was obliged to come to the Holy City.
Preparations for the celebration of Passover, according to tradition and customs related to this holiday, were comprised of detailed, spring house cleaning, washing and cleaning all the rooms in order to eliminate even the smallest traces of yeast food. A host before holiday makes the last check of cleanliness and it is a rite of collecting the remains of yeast food ("Chametz"). Given that a house is cleaned and each "Chametz" eliminated, a hostess leaves in a visible place pieces of bread and host tries to find them and puts them into a paper cone by feather. The custom is that found "Chametz" has to be burned the next morning by throwing into the furnace or public burning in the fire, which is explained in the school yard or synagogue. An important place in the tradition of celebrating the Passover takes a preparation of "Matzot". It has been made by hand since ancient times, so many religious authorities still believe that such a "Matzot" is clean. It is made from wheat flour and water. Buying a ready "Matzot" is a novelty of modern times which later came into a wide use.
The celebration begins on the first day of the holidays (Erev Hag) with dinner called "Seder Night". Seder in Hebrew means order. Seder dinner is festive, ceremonial dinner at which prayers, reading of the Haggadah and all other customs are being performed in the strictly regulated order. Food is served on "Kearat Seder", a large plate on which is set all you need to eat during the evening.
The Eve of Passover is an evening which begins after Passover service in the synagogue and then the family gathers at the table and begins the ceremony called "Passover Seder".
Reading the Haggadah is a fundamental part of the Seder. It describes an event related to holiday, presenting a chronological history of the arrival of Jewish tribes in Egypt and their liberation from slavery and explains the purpose of the Passover sacrifice during the Second Temple. It consists passages from the Bible, ancient legends and anecdotes, prayers and songs of thanksgiving, and concludes with the popular song "Had gadja".
The Haggadah of Sarajevo, written on vellum, the oldest and most lavish example of this type of Code and of the Spanish Illuminated Art of the 14th century.

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Read 5502 times Last modified on Wednesday, 05 July 2017 14:57